From Eating Asturias, the Encyclopedia of Asturian Gastronomy

Also apagao and apaxarao.

A negative term to describe cider that has no liveliness when poured into the glass[1]. Essentially this is how to say that a cider is flat and lifeless.[2] A cider that is plasmau is lacking in the essential carbonic gas necessary to make the required small bubbles when poured from overhead (see escanciar).

It is sometimes used to describe a cider that was good, or very good, but is missing, for an inexplicable reason, a certain something that would make it great. When used in the process of making (as opposed to drinking) cider, it is used to talk about a cider that can be recovered, and restored to it's greatness before the process is finished.[3]

In his 1870 poem Andalucia y Asturies, Teodoro Cuesta, the poet son of Mieres[4] begins:

Andalucia y Asturias[5]
Asturianu English

com'l pitu a la vista del raposu

Pensive... stunned... silent

like the chicken at the sight of the fox

Stunned, struck, set immobile. These are good ways to translate plasmáu - the state of being struck into motionlessness. And that is the complaint about cider described as such. A good sidra natural should be lively: in the glass and on the tongue. And if it isn't the former, it certainly won't be the latter.

  1. García Arias, Xose Lluis, editor. “Plasmáu, Ada, Ao - Diccionario General De La Lengua Asturiana (DGLA).” Diccionario General De La Lengua Asturiana, directed by Editorial Prensa Asturiana, Accessed 10 Sept. 2023.
  2. Fidalgo Sanchez, Jose Antonio. Sidra y manzana de Asturias. pp 190. Prensa Asturiana, 1993.
  3. Hevia Llavona, Inaciu. “Léxicu asturianu de la sidra con delles desplicaciones etimolóxiques y comentarios / Asturian lexicon of the cider with some etymological explanations and comments.” pp 112. Lletres Asturianes, vol. 112 (2015), 2015, pp. 89–126.
  4. Menéndez Fernandez, Juan José. “Teodoro Cuesta, El Poeta Mierense Que Marcó Una Época.” El Blog De Acebedo, 25 Mar. 2020, Accessed 10 Sept. 2023.
  5. Cuesta, Teodoro. “Andalucia Y Asturies.” Orbis Latinus, 1871, Accessed 10 Sept. 2023.